What are the rules of war?It’s a timely question in the wake of attacks on civilians, aid workers and hospitals in conflict zones around the world. Just this week, three hospitals in southern Syria were bombed by pro-government forces, according to The Washington Post.After such incidents, there are many references to the “rules of war.”In January, a British MP wrote an op-ed in The Guardian calling for the prosecution of the forces in Yemen led by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates “for any violations against civilians and breaches of the rules of war.” This month the coalition’s forces have been attacking the port city of Hodeida, Yemen’s lifeline to critical aid, food and fuel.Doctors Without Borders has this month declared “that the conduct of hostilities in Syria may violate the basic rules of war.”The president of UNICEF in Canada has declared, “Around the world, the rules of war are under attack — and so are millions of children.”The rules of war are part of the Geneva Convention and they first were established in the 19th century.They dictate what can and cannot be done during armed conflict. They aim to protect people who are not fighting in the conflict and curb the brutality of war by setting limits on the weapons and tactics that can be employed.Representatives of aid groups say there is a growing disregard for these rules in conflict zones around the world. “It has become glaringly obvious that respect for international humanitarian law is in decline,” says Scott Paul, the humanitarian policy lead of Oxfam America, a global aid agency.History of the rules of warAlthough our modern rules of war can be traced back to ancient civilizations and religions, it was Henri Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross, who began the process of codifying these customs into international humanitarian law. In 1864, he helped establish the first Geneva Convention, an international treaty that required armies to care for the sick and wounded on the battlefield. It was adopted by 12 European countries.Over the next 85 years, diplomats debated and adopted additional amendments and treaties to address the treatment of combatants at sea and prisoners of war — not just combatants on battlefields. In 1949, after the horrors of World War II, diplomats gathered again in Geneva to adopt four treaties that reaffirmed and updated the previous treaties and expanded the rules to protect civilians. They’re now collectively known as the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and contain the most important rules of war.Upholding the rulesSince then, the rules of war have been ratified by 196 states. They protect people who are not fighting in the conflict and curb the brutality of war by setting limits on the weapons and tactics that can be employed. In 2014, for example, the rules helped guarantee safe passage for civilians in South Sudan to flee violence.They’re also used in domestic and international courts to determine if a government or non-governmental militant group is guilty of a war crime. If a warring party is accused of violating international humanitarian law — whether by an individual, group, country or observer — countries are obligated to investigate. The U.N. International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, for example, helped punish war criminals who committed mass atrocities during the Bosnian war in the 1990s.The U.N. Security Council, a group of 15 countries at the U.N. charged to maintain international peace and security, may also impose sanctions — like a travel ban or an arms embargo — as an incentive for warring parties to comply with the rules of war.Enforcing the rules can be difficult. For example, the five veto-holding permanent members of the Security Council — the U.S., China, Russia, the U.K. and France — must vote unanimously to pursue a resolution that might call for an investigation, refer a case to a court for trial, threaten sanctions or propose another motion. But often one or several of these countries has a vested interest in the conflict in question.As mandated by the Conventions, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has a special role to play as a guardian of these laws. The ICRC tracks the evolution of warfare and makes recommendations for updates to the rules accordingly. It also participates in U.N. discussions on crises and potential violations to ensure the rules are being upheld.In addition, the ICRC helps inform the public of the rules of war through videos and social media messaging. This 2-minute film, titled “Why we can’t save her life,” won a Grand Prix award at the Cannes Lions festival in France this month. The film reminds people that hospitals are not a target.The rules of warAlthough there are many rules contained in the Conventions, here are six crucial principles that are relevant to ongoing conflicts. Because the rules themselves often use legal terms, we have paraphrased the language. To read the original language, click here:1. No targeting civiliansIntentionally targeting civilians, buildings such as schools or houses and infrastructure like water sources or sanitation facilities is a war crime. Killing or injuring a person who has surrendered or is no longer able to fight is also prohibited, as is punishing someone for an act that another person, even a family member, has committed.Attacks should only be directed at military objectives, and military targets such as bases and stockpiles should not be placed in or near populated areas.If the expected “incidental civilian damage” of an attack is “excessive and disproportionate” to the anticipated military gain, then the attack legally cannot be carried out.There is one caveat: a civilian structures, for example a school, may become a legitimate target if it is being used for specific military operations — as a base to launch attacks, for example, or a weapons storehouse.2. No torture or inhumane treatment of detaineesTorture and other forms of cruel, degrading or ill treatment are expressly prohibited. The lives, rights and dignity of detainees should be preserved. They must be given food and water, protected from violence and allowed to communicate with their families.There are no exceptions to this rule, even when torture might elicit lifesaving information.3. No attacking hospitals and aid workersThe wounded and sick always have a right to be cared for, regardless of which side of the conflict they’re on. Medical and aid workers who are on duty in these areas make an effort to be neutral and serve both sides of the conflict. They must, therefore, be protected by all warring parties and allowed access to collect and care for the wounded and sick.If combatants see a red cross or red crescent, symbols of the national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, they should know that person or place should not be attackedBut the rules of law do grant an exception for hospitals as well as other civilian structures. If a hospital is being used for specific military operations, it may become a legitimate target.4. Provide safe passage for civilians to fleeParties to a conflict must take all reasonable steps to evacuate civilians from areas where there is fighting. In the heat of conflict, such steps can take the form of advanced warnings or the creation of “safe corridors” for civilians to leave a besieged city and for humanitarian workers to deliver aid and services. Civilians must never be blocked from fleeing.5. Provide access to humanitarian organizationsCivilians and militants who are no longer fighting in the conflict have a right to receive the help they need, whether it’s medical care, food, water or shelter. This means that restricting the delivery of humanitarian aid — through naval and air blockades, closing ports or confiscating supplies — is prohibited. In fact, deliberately causing starvation and hunger is a war crime.6. No unnecessary or excessive loss and sufferingThe tactics and weapons used in war must be proportionate and necessary to achieve a definitive military objective. The use of weapons that are “by nature indiscriminate,” according to the Geneva Conventions, is prohibited. For example, the use of land mines, while not banned, is limited because they can indiscriminately kill and maim both combatants and civilians.Joanne Lu is a freelance journalist who covers global poverty and inequity. Her work has appeared in Humanosphere, The Guardian, Global Washington and War is Boring. Follow her on Twitter @joannelu. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Ward AllesMilwaukee-based marketing and branding agency Core Creative Inc. has acquired Glendale-based digital agency GS Design Inc. from Marc Tebon and minority owners. The transaction closed June 1 for an undisclosed price.Ward AllesAs a result of the transaction, GS will close its Glendale office and eight of its employees have joined the Core Creative office in Milwaukee’s Walker’s Point neighborhood. Tebon will exit the firm. GS Design principal Jason Evans will guide the integration into Core Creative.GS Design was founded in 1989 and as recently as 2015 had about 40 employees.Core Creative now has 60 employees. According to Core, the acquisition will expand its digital offerings, particularly in the development and design of websites and apps. “Combining our two award-winning teams will provide a significant advantage for our clients,” said Ward Alles, president of Core Creative. “We have a perfect fit of cultures, values and a commitment to service that makes this the right decision for building our strategic development and creative digital firepower. This is an opportunity for our agency to welcome an incredible set of professionals and take a big step forward.” Get our email updatesBizTimes DailyManufacturing WeeklyNonprofit WeeklyReal Estate WeeklySaturday Top 10Wisconsin Morning Headlines Subscribe
Prepared by FFWPU AngolaIn the Providence of the Restoration, the Formula Course is a Model Course, the Way in which every human being without exception must pass to leave the position of fallen Man and return to the Original state, for the fulfillment of this, the teaching of the Divine Principle is one of the Important Requirements.We conducted a 21-day workshop in Luanda-Angola from December 22, 2018 to January 13, 2019 at Mount Horeb Church, where pastors of the same church were blessed on the plane of tribal messianism a 21 Day Seminar of the Divine Principle. It was attended by 58 First and Second Generation Seminarists from different provinces of the country between the ages of 12 and 48, and was attended by five teachers from two provinces of Angola (Luanda and Cabinda).The Seminar centered on the basis of the Complete Divine Principle and Inner Guidance to leverage the consciousness of the seminarians. They had the opportunity to study the course of Life of Our Father where there were tears of pain for their prisons, they could know the thought of the unification and had an explanation about V.O.C as our father fought the communism. At the end of the seminar Seminarians had two tests, one writing and one practice with the (Divine Principle Teaching) in order to evaluate the level of Seminarians.As a thank you, the closing and farewell ceremony, the Seminarians, the Fathers, members of the Unificationist Family and the Direction of the Movement, worshiped with the members of the welcoming Church, (Monte Horeb Evangelical Church) where the Seminary took place. choirs and a group of young seminarians and there was also the presentation of a play the sermon was directed by the President of FFPMU Angola, which in the end there were certificates and shouts of mansey in a service that had 280 people present.
Lockdown duffle bag After a weekend of questions not being asked and rumors abounding about Brock Lesnar returning to the UFC, it now appears much of it was a publicity stunt to get his name out for his return to World Wrestling Entertainment at Monday’s live Raw show in Richmond, Va.Lesnar, 36, who was the biggest drawing heavyweight champion in UFC history, hasn’t fought since losing to Alistair Overeem on Dec. 30, 2011 via first-round ref stoppage. Lesnar retired as a fighter, saying at the time that he promised his wife (former wrestling personality Sable) that had he won, he’d have fought once more and gone for a title rematch with Cain Velasquez, but if he lost he would retire.Lesnar signed a lucrative one-year contract with WWE in April 2012, and then signed a two-year renewal before that deal expired. Lesnar had previously worked for WWE from 2000 to 2004. Lesnar had made an international name as a headliner which was a huge part of his UFC marketability.While rumors have surfaced regularly about him returning to UFC, and he did verbally agree to do a proposed match with Fedor Emelianenko in 2012, which never came to fruition. UFC was negotiating with Emelianenko for a match that would have taken place at Cowboys Stadium, but when Emelianenko’s father died in August, 2012, he told UFC officials that he was retired and wouldn’t fight again. When Dana White recounted the story months later, he said that Lesnar told him at the time that he also wasn’t interested in fighting again once that match fell through. Still, it is questionable that even if Lesnar agreed to the match, that he would be able to do it because of his WWE contract which would only allow such a thing if WWE owner Vince McMahon were to agree to the deal.White, over the weekend, had said that he didn’t know anything about Lesnar rumors, which resurfaced regarding a match with Emelianenko. But given the news last night that Lesnar would return to WWE, it made the timing of those rumors as likely a publicity plant to build for his return to pro wrestling Monday. It was foreshadowed Sunday night when the WWE was taping a television show that would air on Friday, after Monday’s show, and an interview talked about what Lesnar had done on Monday (which airs live tonight) on Raw to Mark Henry.The return was supposed to be a surprise to fans, as WWE has not advertised or announced Lesnar’s return, although sources in the company have confirmed his return on Dec. 30 has always been the plan.Lesnar has a unique pro wrestling contract where he only works a few major events a year, and does television only leading up to those events. He most recently disappeared from WWE television in August. He will wrestle again at the Royal Rumble, the WWE’s second biggest event of the year, on Jan. 26, in Pittsburgh, and again at WrestleMania, on April 6, at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans.In the latter match, he is scheduled to face The Undertaker in a match actually set up in 2010 when the two staged having words at a UFC event in on Oct. 23, 2010, in Anaheim, Calif., just minutes after Lesnar had lost the UFC heavyweight title to Cain Velasquez. The plan at the time was for Lesnar to face Undertaker at the 2011 WrestleMania, but Lesnar was under an exclusive contract to UFC, which would not allow him to do the pro wrestling match.But all talk of Lesnar doing MMA is just that. The stories have usually cited that Lesnar has a unique WWE deal that would allow him to fight, which is not the case.”WWE has exclusive rights to services (to Lesnar) and such exclusivity extends to ultimate fighting competitions,” said a WWE official.Lesnar’s WWE contract will not expire until April 2015. Which is More Dangerous – MMA or Football? Should Frankie Edgar finally fight at bantamweight? Coach Ricardo Almeida weighs in Timeline of Israel Adesanya’s Rapid Rise to UFC Contender Dana White addresses contender status of Colby Covington, Leon Edwards, Corey Anderson Esther Lin, MMA Fighting Top Contenders for Fight of the Year Standard BJJ Gi MMA Fighting Sale ProMax 440 BJJ GI Brock Lesnar’s WWE Future After UFC Retirement More: Video: Aalon Cruz scores ridiculous jumping knee KO on Contender Series Good Night Tee Greatest Highlights of Anderson Silva’s Career More From Gordon Ryan Competition Kit Accessories Standard Ranked Rashguard Latest From Our Partners Apparel Colby Covington rips ‘diva’ Robbie Lawler for leaving American Top Team over a photo Nightmare Matchup for UFC’s Biggest Stars Latest From MMA Warehouse King Ryan Longsleeve Shirt Morning Report: Jorge Masvidal praises Conor McGregor: ‘The dude is a f*cking G, bro’ ABC passes rule alteration to definition of grounded fighter Gloves
Gordon Ryan Competition Kit Which is More Dangerous – MMA or Football? Countdown Fedor vs Sonnen ep. 1 More: Topping the card is a Heavyweight Grand Prix semifinal bout that features MMA legends Fedor Emelianenko (37-5, 1 NC) and Chael Sonnen (31-15-1).Let’s see what Ep. 1 has in store for us, courtesy of YouTube:As we head into the Heavyweight World Grand Prix Semifinals, we get an inside look into Fedor and Chael Sonnen’s fight camp. Don’t miss their epic match up, SATURDAY, Oct. 13th, LIVE on PARAMOUNT NETWORK!See the entire Bellator 208 fight card and line up here.MMAmania.com will deliver LIVE round-by-round, blow-by-blow coverage of the entire Bellator 208 fight card on fight night (click here), starting with the “Prelims” matches online before the Paramount Network main card start time at 9 p.m. ET.For much more on Bellator 208 click here. Accessories Sponsored Content Nightmare Matchup for UFC’s Biggest Stars Standard BJJ Gi King Ryan Longsleeve Shirt Sale Latest From Our Partners Good Night Tee Standard Ranked Rashguard Bellator MMA returns to Paramount Network this weekend for the Bellator 208: “Fedor vs. Sonnen” mixed martial arts (MMA) event, which is locked and loaded for this Saturday night (Oct. 13, 2018) inside Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, New York.That explains the “Countdown” video blogs being produced for the show. Timeline of Israel Adesanya’s Rapid Rise to UFC Contender Gloves Midnight Mania! Trump Family In The ‘Chaos’ Corner? ProMax 440 BJJ GI Amanda Nunes’ Biggest Threat? Latest From MMA Warehouse Apparel Brock Lesnar’s WWE Future After UFC Retirement Related Bellator Heavyweight GP Conference Call Recap, Full Audio Replay MMAmania.com 20 Unsuspecting High Paying Jobs Money Pop Photos That Captured The Wild Nights At The Notorious Studio 54 History 101 Top Contenders for Fight of the Year More From Lights. Out. Bizzy Was Sneaking Needles Into The Toilet For GSP Fight There’s UFC Heavyweights, And Then There’s Shaq Lockdown duffle bag Greatest Highlights of Anderson Silva’s Career Recommended by Fight Motion! Watch Holloway, Cyborg Do Work Via Ghost Cam
Should Frankie Edgar finally fight at bantamweight? Coach Ricardo Almeida weighs in Dana White addresses contender status of Colby Covington, Leon Edwards, Corey Anderson Apparel Gordon Ryan Competition Kit Latest From MMA Warehouse Which is More Dangerous – MMA or Football? King Ryan Longsleeve Shirt Latest From Our Partners Morning Report: Jorge Masvidal praises Conor McGregor: ‘The dude is a f*cking G, bro’ Timeline of Israel Adesanya’s Rapid Rise to UFC Contender Good Night Tee Lockdown duffle bag Brock Lesnar’s WWE Future After UFC Retirement ABC passes rule alteration to definition of grounded fighter Nightmare Matchup for UFC’s Biggest Stars Top Contenders for Fight of the Year In the first episode of Bellator 214 Countdown, get a closer look at Fedor Emelianenko and Ryan Bader as they get ready for their upcoming showdown Jan. 26. Greatest Highlights of Anderson Silva’s Career Colby Covington rips ‘diva’ Robbie Lawler for leaving American Top Team over a photo Accessories Sale Video: Aalon Cruz scores ridiculous jumping knee KO on Contender Series Gloves ProMax 440 BJJ GI Standard Ranked Rashguard Standard BJJ Gi More From MMA Fighting More:
Get a compelling long read and must-have lifestyle tips in your inbox every Sunday morning — great with coffee! Sign up for Boston Daily. News. Commentary. Every day.* Print 2/2/2017, 12:12 p.m. Worcester Mayor Caught on Hot Mic Calling Trump Protesters ‘Freakin’ Morons’ He’s since apologized. By Kyle Scott Clauss· 000 Photo by Jason Ouellet/Discover Worcester on Flickr/Creative CommonsWorcester Mayor Joseph Petty has learned a lesson President Donald Trump knows all too well: Always be wary of a live microphone.Nearly a thousand demonstrators peacefully protesting Trump’s Muslim travel ban gathered at Worcester City Hall, delaying the start of Tuesday night’s City Council meeting.“Freakin’ morons,” Petty could be heard saying on the hot mic after the protesters’ chants disrupted the start of the meeting. “Morons, morons, morons.”But later in the meeting, Petty seemed to have changed his tune, lavishing praise on the same protesters he had insulted. “I want to thank all the people for coming out tonight,” he said, according to MassLive. “You made Worcester proud.”We Stood #StrongerTogether tonight! #mapoli #worcpoli Click to read my remarks from this evening – https://t.co/A6iCVyKzh8 #proud pic.twitter.com/HALP5lU7wp— Joseph M. Petty (@MayorPetty) February 1, 2017“First of all, let me apologize for my remarks,” Petty wrote in a statement. “I had just witnessed a thousand people outside city hall delivering a positive and respectful message, and I did not want their voices to be lost. For anyone who has been caught on a hot mic, it’s embarrassing. I was caught in a moment of frustration and I was wrong.”
There’s a Pizza-Eating Squirrel in Jamaica Plain Stop what you’re doing. Print 3/29/2017, 6:11 p.m. Sign up for Boston Daily. News. Commentary. Every day.* 10010 By Kyle Scott Clauss· Get a compelling long read and must-have lifestyle tips in your inbox every Sunday morning — great with coffee! Pizza photo via iStock/vm2002, Squirrel photo via iStock/DgwildlifeYou can argue over the merits of Boston pizza versus New York pizza, whose water is most conducive to a superlative slice, thin-crust or a heartier Regina, whether or not pineapple belongs anywhere near a perfectly good pie. But one thing is certain: rodents in both Amtrak metropolises love their pizza.Liz Polcha, an English Ph.D candidate at Northeastern University, tweeted this photo of a squirrel wrangling some ‘roni up a tree in Jamaica Plain.Important life announcement: there is a squirrel outside my apartment window eating an entire slice of pepperoni pizza pic.twitter.com/ABIFCqQopL— Liz Polcha (@EPolcha) March 29, 2017JP Pizza Squirrel is just one of several Pizza Squirrel, not unlike the Green Lantern Corps. After Pizza Rat gained international fame for dragging a slice of cheese pizza up a stoop in New York, a Manhattan Pizza Squirrel was spotted fending off pigeons in Washington Square Park. Then there’s Quincy Pizza Squirrel…Quincy, too. But hold the pepperoni, please. pic.twitter.com/Wjqw1ltdg7— MMad (@jetpackmom) March 29, 2017…Park Slope Pizza Squirrel…Captured in his natural environment, the rare and elusive Park Slope pizza squirrel pic.twitter.com/1mRIn77gPF— Ben Popper (@benpopper) June 30, 2016…Chicago Pizza Squirrel…Chicago’s own pizza rodent: pizza squirrel pic.twitter.com/SskmDgJoXo— Melissa McEwen (@melissamcewen) March 25, 2016…and Nova Scotia Pizza Squirrel.Meanwhile, some trigger-happy social media manager at DiGiorno wasted no time getting in early on the surefire viral hit.Can you confirm if it’s delivery or DiGiorno?— DiGiorno Pizza (@DiGiornoPizza) March 29, 2017It was almost certainly delivery.
Print Here’s the Trailer for Bill Belichick’s D-Day Documentary Does the Hoodie have a future as a narrator? 000 5/18/2017, 10:23 a.m. Sign up for Weekender. Arts, events, pop culture, and more.* Keep your weekends full of the coolest things to do around Boston with our weekly Weekender newsletter. By Kyle Scott Clauss· Bill Belichick isn’t one to seek out the spotlight. It makes sense, then, that if he’s going to notch an IMDB credit, it’ll be for narration.The Patriots head coach lent his velvety pipes to a new documentary about the Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied France on D-Day in World War II, titled D-Day: Over Normandy. The hourlong special was produced by the Rhode Island-based WWII Foundation, and features drone and helicopter footage of key battlegrounds in the greatest invasion in military history.“Every day of my childhood, I was immersed in the tradition of the United States Navy,” Belichick said in a release. “I was, and remain, inspired by their discipline, teamwork, and courage, especially the sailors who fought on D-Day and in the Pacific theater, where the U.S. Pacific Fleet sacrificed so much for ultimate victory. The Navy, Army, Air Force and Marines made one heck of a team in World War II.”Belichick grew up in Annapolis, Maryland, and his father coached football at the United States Naval Academy after serving in the Navy in World War II. In an interview last month, Belichick took CNBC’s Suzy Welch to Mission BBQ in Annapolis, where staff and patrons sing the National Anthem every day at noon.D-Day: Over Normandy airs Sunday, May 21, at 6 p.m. on WGBH 2.
013 Arts + Entertainment The Trustees Are Floating a Huge Mirrored Hot Air Balloon Across Mass. It gets even cooler after sunset. Sign up for Weekender. Arts, events, pop culture, and more.* Keep your weekends full of the coolest things to do around Boston with our weekly Weekender newsletter. By Alyssa Vaughn· Print 6/19/2019, 5:17 p.m. Photo provided by The TrusteesWhen you’re splashing around at the Long Point Wildlife Refuge, soaking in the art at the DeCordova Sculpture Park, or picnicking on Castle Hill this summer, look up: You might catch a glimpse of a disco-ball-like dirigible.From July 12-28, a giant reflective balloon sculpture will drift across Massachusetts as part of New Horizon, a “nomadic art installation” presented by artist Doug Aitken and the Trustees. The balloon will make the rounds of several different Trustees properties in Martha’s Vineyard, Greater Boston, and the Berkshires, with some surprise stops thrown in along the way.While a 100-foot tall balloon reflecting New England nature would be a striking sight on its own, the hot air balloon’s flight is only one part of New Horizon. The rest of the action takes place when the balloon reaches the ground. At each touchdown site, the Trustees will host a “happening,” where attendees can listen to guest speakers, imbibe brews from Notch Brewing’s Traveling Biergarten, and even climb into the balloon’s gondola and take a tethered balloon ride themselves.Once evening falls, the balloon will turn into a dynamic light sculpture, lit by 3552 LED nodes, that will respond to live musical performances. The eclectic lineup of performers, including folk singer Julie Byrne, singer/musician Jónsi, and Canadian rock band Destroyer, among others, will shift from happening to happening. The theme of each event will also differ, from “Future of Creativity” to “Future of Information.”What, you may ask, do conversations, musical performances, and a giant mylar balloon have to do with each other? According to Aitken, the inspiration for the project was the American mythology of the road trip, a continuous, flowing journey along which individuals meet and art is exchanged (think The Wizard of Oz, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Rain Man, Thelma and Louise…). In New Horizon, Aitken has created a 21st century version of this trope, one that swaps the wind for the Yellow Brick Road and a giant shiny balloon for the Ford Thunderbird.Aitken is known for working in numerous mediums, from film to architecture. His work challenges viewers to interpret the world from a different perspective.“New Horizon is an unpredictable project,” Aitken says. “I love the idea that a farmer in the field could look up and see this mirrored sculpture float by or that someone hiking in the forest wanders into a clearing and discovers a live musical performance or conversation. I want to create a project where every moment is singular and unexpected.”The full list of the balloon’s stops, happening themes, and musical performers is available here. To keep track of the balloon’s surprise appearances, keep up with the hashtags #dougaitkennewhorizon, #dougaitken, #thetrustees and #artxlandscape on social media.
Print 113 Sign up for Boston Daily. News. Commentary. Every day.* Conrad Roy Jr. listens as Michelle Carter is sentenced for involuntary manslaughter for encouraging his son, 18-year-old Conrad Roy III to kill himself in July 2014. (Matt West/The Boston Herald via AP, Pool)As Michelle Carter appeals her manslaughter conviction for convincing Conrad Roy to commit suicide to the Supreme Court, Roy’s family is filing legislation to memorialize him.In a case that made national headlines, Carter was found guilty of involuntary manslaughter after encouraging Roy over text message to die by suicide in 2014 and sentenced to 15 months in prison. However, Carter’s conviction was puzzling to some.“A lot of people looked at this case and they said, ‘Manslaughter? This isn’t manslaughter, telling someone to kill themselves,’” Northeastern professor and WGBH legal analyst Daniel Medwed said on WGBH’s Morning Edition.Manslaughter fit Carter’s deeds like “an ill-fitting suit,” Medwed said in a press release from State Senator Barry Finegold’s office, adding that Massachusetts needs a law that specifically addresses coerced suicide. Massachusetts is one of only ten states in the country that does not have such a law, according to the press release.Over the past several months, Medwed has worked with Finegold, of Andover, Representative Natalie Higgins of Leominster, and Roy’s family to draft legislation that would fill this gap. The team worked to find a balance within the legislation—dubbed “Conrad’s Law”—between criminalizing suicide coercion and protecting those charged with it from potentially over-exuberant prosecution.“You would only be charged with this crime if you know that the other person is suicidal [or] has experienced what’s called suicidal ideation, and that you’ve exercised such substantial control over them to effectively coerce them into acting, and/or you’ve provided them with the means to commit suicide,” Medwed explained on Morning Edition. The bill also ensures that someone found guilty of coercing suicide would serve no more than five years in prison.While coercion cases are relatively uncommon, the team hopes that the existence of the law would help solidify the message that coercing suicide is never okay. As teen suicide rates continue to rise and cyberbullying prevails, it is especially critical that this message reach young people.“Teen suicide has been on the rise for two decades and is now the second-leading cause of death among high schoolers and young adults,” Senator Finegold said in a statement. “This case taught us that Massachusetts is not equipped to deal with scenarios like this, and this bill would fix that.”“‘Conrad’s Law’ has nothing to do with seeking justice for my son,” Lynn Roy, Conrad’s mother, said in a statement. “This law has everything to do with preventing this from happening again to others who are struggling with mental illness and suicidal ideation. If this law is successful in saving one life, then all of this work will be clearly worth it.” Under “Conrad’s Law,” Coercing Someone into Suicide Would Be Illegal in Massachusetts The family of the man at the center of the Michelle Carter texting suicide case is calling for more specific legislation surrounding cases like theirs. Get a compelling long read and must-have lifestyle tips in your inbox every Sunday morning — great with coffee! 7/24/2019, 11:37 a.m. By Alyssa Vaughn·
CBS Sports play-by-play man Jim Nantz made it clear who he thinks is the favorite to win the PGA Championship at Bethpage Black in Farmingdale, N.Y., next week: defending champion Brooks Koepka.In a conference call with reporters on Wednesday afternoon, the voice of golf for CBS was asked by the media for his thoughts on a number of players heading into the second major tournament of the season. That list included the likes of Tiger Woods, Phil Mickelson, Jordan Spieth, and Rory McIlroy.After giving his take on the four-time major champion McIlroy, Nantz voluntarily pivoted to the three-time major champion Koepka. And he let it be known to his fellow media members how he felt about the coverage and recognition of the 29-year-old Koepka.“Poor Brooks Koepka. If I don’t bring up his name right now, you guys are never gonna bring him up,” Nantz said. “It’s borderline tragic in terms of how you cover a player or subject. He’s having the best run in golf since Tiger in 2000 and 2001. We’re gonna create the story there and it’s just not interesting enough to us to be able to give the guy the time. Forget how much time he exerts and gives to those of us who cover him. I’m not concerned with that. I’m just talking about facts.”Nantz, who has been calling golf for CBS since 1985, then rattled off a number of stats to make the case for Koepka’s dominance in the sport.“In the last 13 major championships that he’s played in, he’s got 11 top-13 finishes,” Nantz explained. “That means he’s been in contention 11 out of 13 majors. That breaks down to eight top-10s, seven top-6s, six top-5s, four top-4s, and three wins and a second. We all know he’s won three of the last seven he’s played in. We haven’t seen anybody that dominant in the game since Tiger in 2000 and 2001.”Jim Nantz heaped nothing but praise on Brooks Koepka.Getty ImagesNantz then continued his evaluation of the media coverage towards Koepka, and he didn’t spare himself from criticism.“We can’t give the guy a sniff,” Nantz said. “If we really tell the true story, we want to deal in what’s reality. We may not think it’s interesting enough to make the public follow along, but I’ve gotta do a better job of that. It starts with me. And I think for those of us who cover the sport and who are trying to tell people what the sport’s about, we gotta do a better job at addressing that we have a star right here on our hands.”Koepka and Woods have gone first and second at the last two majors, with each winning one. And that has Nantz excited heading into the PGA Championship.“We might be on the brink of the next golf rivalry we’ve all wanted forever,” Nantz said. “They’ve gone one-two and one-two in the last two major championships. In my mind [Koepka] is the favorite coming into Bethpage just based on what he’s done in his last 13 majors. It’s an awesome stretch for him, and I think it’s a very good thing for the welfare of the game. I’m hoping that materializes into another little showdown between these two guys.”