Tag: 上海各区gm资源汇总2020

Future scientists

first_imgSide-by-side with Georgia’s bestMullis and UGA plant pathology researcher Alex Csinos arementoring Connell and Wright in the Young Scholars Program of theUGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.The annual program pairs students with CAES scientists insix-week summer internships on the UGA Athens, Griffin and Tiftoncampuses.”We wanted these two students to do something productive,” Mullissaid of the research project he and Csinos have guided. “I’vebeen extraordinarily impressed with their work. We may be lookingat getting their names on a refereed journal article.”Connell, a country boy, and Wright, a city girl, are studyingtomato spotted wilt virus. Specifically, they’re trying to findexactly how this devastating virus moves through tobacco plants.The scientists set up the experiment by screening 90 tobaccoplants for the virus. From those, they singled out 10 infectedand 10 noninfected plants.Twice a week since early June, Connell and Wright have been outin the tobacco field, observing symptoms and carefully samplingplant tissues throughout those plants to be analyzed in the lab.”I like this, but I don’t like the field work much,” said Wright,whose normal summer habitat is air-conditioned. “It’s a lotharder than I thought it would be.”But the work they’re doing may be groundbreaking. “They’ve runroughly 2,000 samples off those 20 plants so far,” Mullins said.”We’ve got a lot of good, hard data to analyze.” By Dan RahnUniversity of GeorgiaIt’s hard to imagine two less likely partners toiling in asteamy, south Georgia tobacco field than Summer Wright and ShaneConnell. The high school students’ studies, though, could catchscientists’ eyes worldwide.”This research has been done before, but not in this detail intobacco,” said Stephen Mullis, coordinator of the University ofGeorgia’s plant pathology virology lab in Tifton, Ga. More than 60 interns statewideThe Young Scholars Program has 14 students enrolled on the Tiftoncampus this summer, said Susan Reinhardt, YSP director in Tifton.Another 26 students are interning in Griffin, and 25 are inAthens.The interns are paid for up to 40 hours per week while workingside-by-side with UGA scientists. “The whole purpose is to getstudents involved in the science behind agriculture,” Reinhardtsaid.It’s working.”It’s different from what I expected,” said Wright, a junior thisfall at Tift County High. “I never thought of agriculture andscience together. I thought of agriculture as growing things andscience as high-tech work. But the two really go togetherhand-in-hand.”Wright was surprised at the work load in a science laboratory,too. “I pictured them sitting around a lot, but they don’t,” shesaid. “They really work.”Connell, a senior this fall at Berrien County High, feels rightat home in agriculture. “I’ve had a lot of ag classes,” he said.”And I live in south Georgia. Everything around me isagriculture. I’m naturally interested in it.”While Wright chose plant pathology because she knew the leastabout it, Connell was well acquainted with it, partly through hisFuture Farmers of America work. “I’ve been working on athree-year study on tomato spotted wilt virus,” he said.His experience hasn’t completely surprised him. “This is what Iexpected, for the most part,” he said. “But I’ve had a muchbroader look at how research is actually done, as opposed to thekind of science we do in the high school lab.”Like Wright, Connell is impressed by the volume of work in auniversity lab. “The most surprising thing,” he said, “has beenhow many samples run through this lab in a week. These guysreally have a lot to do.”Connell plans to attend Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College forcore classes and then UGA or the Medical College of Georgia.”I’d like to get into clinical pathology — people pathology,” hesaid. “But some of the basic principles of what we’re doing herewill apply in that field, too.”last_img read more

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President Obama signs Leahy-Smith America Invents Act on patent reform

first_imgVermont Senator Patrick Leahy witnessed the signing of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act at an event in Alexandria, Virginia, today.  President Barack Obama signed the bill into law, capping a six-year bipartisan effort led by Leahy to enact the first comprehensive reforms to the nation’s patent system in nearly six decades. Vermont has the highest number of patents per capita in the nation.‘Vermonters have a long legacy of innovation and creativity.  With the improvements included in the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, that legacy is sure to continue. ‘Few efforts in Washington enjoy the broad, bipartisan support that this law has received.   I thank President Obama, former Secretary Locke and Director Kappos, for their leadership and their support of American innovation.  The America Invents Act is a bipartisan jobs initiative at a time when we need it the most.  It is an example of what Democrats and Republicans can do when we work together for the American people.  ‘The reforms included in this law will have a meaningful impact on American entrepreneurs and inventors for generations to come.  The America Invents Act will promote job creation and innovation, in the Green Mountains of Vermont and across the country, and I thank the President for signing it into law today.’ September 16, 2011last_img read more

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Something Smells Rotten About the Latest Snafu at the Ronkonkoma Hub

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Long Islanders may have to wait just a little longer if they were expecting transformative growth at the Ronkonkoma Hub.The reason for the delay? Sewering—and the disingenuous attempts of regional planning being undertaken by Suffolk County.The Ronkonkoma Hub, the darling project for many-a-smart growth advocates, may be one of the few projects on Long Island worth the praise it has received. It offers the opportunity for true intermodal access spanning the automobile, bus, train and airplane. Unlike other ambitious projects its size, this $538 million Hub has faced minimal NIMBY outcry from the surrounding area. While residents’ concerns about density still haunt the project, overall public support for the Hub has been snowballing from both civic leaders and municipalities since it was first pitched a few years ago.In 2012, East Setauket-based Tritec development became the master developer for 50 or so acres around the ever-bustling Ronkonkoma train station. One of the region’s busiest commuter transit hubs, the site has long been viewed as an economic engine to power Suffolk County. Only recently has any real progress on this goal been seen. In 2014, the Brookhaven Town Planning Board adopted what’s called a form-based code to set an orderly template of growth. Last year the town board gave the green light to the first phase of development at the Hub, with 489 residential units slated for 10 acres. Progress, yes, but the approval came with the condition that the project would have a viable sewer connection.Last October, a supposed regional planning alliance was formed between Brookhaven and Islip, the two towns where the Hub is located. At first glance, one would assume this partnership would have helped the project further along, but this hasn’t been the case.Once again, the issue of sewers and the treatment of wastewater, which has plagued many Long Island projects, reared its ugly head.The Town of Brookhaven had authored and adopted an Environmental Impact Statement that included a proposal for a $25 million sewer plant for the Hub project. Suffolk County accepted the concept, and the legislature approved the funding to make it a reality.Since then, the county has apparently shifted its position. Now it claims it wants to build a seven-mile pipeline from the Ronkonkoma Hub site through the Village of Islandia (whose residents reportedly weren’t exactly pleased with the idea) to the Bergin Point Sewage Treatment Plant in West Babylon. From there, wastewater would be released three miles into the Atlantic Ocean via an aging outfall pipe. The county claims that its solution would save Suffolk’s already beleaguered taxpayers $2 to $3 million while shaving precious time off the ever-expanding construction timeline, now slated to take another decade.Both Islip and Brookhaven were initially onboard, but state Sen. Tom Croci (R-Islip), a former Islip Town supervisor, proposed another pipeline path. His new route would essentially double the opportunity for growth within the township by offering more sewer infrastructure, but it would also more than double the cost from $24 million to $55 million.“This alternate route would be much more expensive,” admitted Islip Town Councilwoman Trish Bergin-Weichbrodt, a Republican, at the March 2015 press conference held at Islip Town Hall to promote the new trajectory, “but the benefit would certainly be worth the buck.”In Croci’s proposal, the extended sewer line would meander south through Oakdale and Sayville before hooking up with a connection to Bergin Point. While the idea sounds nice, no public officials involved with proposing the longer route provided details regarding how this expanded pipeline would be funded.What is most vexing is why at this stage of the game is the answer to the wastewater issue not already understood, agreed upon and moving forward?The county’s sewer solution seems to accommodate Tritec’s needs and little else. Not only does its proposed pipeline shortsightedly bypass MacArthur Airport, it skips any additional opportunities for regional growth beyond the Ronkonkoma Hub.  Sen. Croci’s route extension addresses these issues, but doubles the price point far beyond the original proposal as well as the county’s cheaper route.From the regional perspective, Suffolk County, Islip and Brookhaven should decide together which of these three options is the most beneficial: a completely new wastewater treatment plant constructed at the Hub site  to discharge clean water back into the aquifer, which might also spur growth at nearby MacArthur Airport and its surrounding industrial areas; a quick-fix pipeline proposed by Suffolk County that bypasses the airport;  or Sen. Croci’s extended pipeline that snakes through various South Shore communities but comes with a hefty price tag and no promise of who foots the bill?To further complicate matters, these pipeline proposals raise concern over the environmental impacts they would have, along with questions regarding the county’s intentions.What’s the point of creating new sewer infrastructure if we’re just going to move effluent from point A to point B? How will an ocean outfall pipe, which would prevent treated wastewater being absorbed back into the groundwater, affect nearby Lake Ronkonkoma? Further, can the area’s aging infrastructure accommodate the Hub’s needs, as well as the other completed and proposed sewer expansions in both Wyandanch and West Babylon? The treatment capacity at the Bergin Point sewer plant is being expanded to allow for additional growth, but will that be enough when all these projects pending approval are finally built?The solution shouldn’t be left to political preference, but grounded in environmental data. So far, it seems that the county is more interested in finding a sewer option that would speed up development instead of balancing the need for economic growth and the protection of our natural resources.The conflicting approaches to sewering at the Hub highlights the Island’s collective inability to think and act regionally while adding to the perception—warranted or not—that local governments too often seek only to accommodate the builders at the public’s expense.It’s right to consider the Ronkonkoma Hub a transformative project because it has the potential to make a lasting difference not only on the Towns of Islip and Brookhaven, but on Long Island as a whole. It’s one of the best locations around for transit-oriented development because 42 percent of the LIRR’s total ridership uses the main line there. Why not harness its economic potential? But these squabbles about the sewering issue derails progress.If the Suffolk’s intent was to speed up Tritec’s construction timeline, it failed.If the administration truly wanted to engage in regional planning, they would have brought all the stakeholders to the table—the Towns, the Village of Islandia, local residents, Tritec and wastewater engineers—and worked on a realistic solution when the latest iteration of the project was first seriously considered in 2009. Instead, they took a relatively simply issue with a simple solution and complicated it tenfold. On the surface, they look like they were only trying to save money, but in practice it seems like they were working diligently to aid the developer, who in the end now has to sit tight and hold off construction until the dust settles.Up to this point, the public hearings have been completed, deadlines have been met, and building plans have been reviewed by the Town of Brookhaven. The Town was reportedly ready to issue permits for the first phase of the project to begin once the sewering question, one of 22 other conditions outlined by the Town’s planning board as necessary for approval, was adequately addressed.Now, while the 21 other planning board conditions are moving along, the sewer question still remains unanswered and the project’s formal groundbreaking postponed.Regardless of whether or not the developer or the county caused the delay, the Ronkonkoma Hub project is now stopped dead in its tracks. Let’s hope a solution is coming soon to get everything moving again.Rich Murdocco writes about Long Island’s land use and real estate development issues. He received his Master’s in Public Policy at Stony Brook University, where he studied regional planning under Dr. Lee Koppelman, Long Island’s veteran master planner. Murdocco is a regular contributor to the Long Island Press. More of his views can be found on www.TheFoggiestIdea.org or follow him on Twitter @TheFoggiestIdea.(Photo rendering: Tritec development)last_img read more

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