Fishermen in the North have been accusing Indian fishermen of poaching in Sri Lankan waters which in turn has affected the livelihood of local fishermen. The MoU will be signed by Y.K. Sinha, the High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka and Ms. W.M.M.R. Adikari, Secretary to the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Development in the presence of Mahinda Amaraweera, the Minister of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Development. The Governments of India and Sri Lanka will be signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to supply 150 boats and fishing equipment to fishermen of Mullaitivu.The Indian High Commission in Colombo said that the MoU will be signed tomorrow at the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Development in Colombo. Amaraweera had recently said that he will ask the Indian Government to compensate the Northern fishermen. (Colombo Gazette)
The latest Coal Matters fact sheet from the World Coal Association (WCA) focuses on the role of coal in transportation. Liquid fuels from coal provide a viable alternative to conventional oil products and can be used in the existing supply infrastructure. Several coal-to-liquids (CTL) demonstration plants are being developed in China. CTL currently provides 20% of South Africa’s transport needs including 7.5% of jet fuel.Converting coal to a liquid fuel – a process referred to as coal liquefaction – allows coal to be used as an alternative to oil. There are two different methods for converting coal into liquid fuels:Direct liquefaction works by dissolving the coal in a solvent at high temperature and pressure. This process is highly efficient, but the liquid products require further refining to achieve high grade fuel characteristics.Indirect liquefaction gasifies the coal to form a ‘syngas’ (a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide). The syngas is then condensed over a catalyst – the ‘Fischer-Tropsch’ process – to produce high quality, ultra-clean products.Coal-derived liquid fuels are also sulphur-free, low in particulates, with low levels of oxides of nitrogen, providing local and regional air quality benefits in comparison to oil.