The CIAC performs the maintenance and repair of highly complex aircraft. The company is also modernizing the EMB 312 T27 Tucano aircraft used by the Colombian Air Force (FAC). As part of the modernization program, the Tucano aircraft will be fitted with new wings and landing gear, as well as a new Rockwell Collins navigation and communications system. In late 2013, Embraer Defense & Security, a Brazilian company, agreed to certify CIAC to become the only company able to modernize Tucano aircraft, except those belonging to the Brazilian Air Force. The weapons and technological innovations developed by the military industry are important to Colombia’s national defense, Sahid Garnica explained. “Colombia realized that to develop the power of the state in traditional terms, a sustained military industry is required,” Sahid Garnica said. “Defense industry technology is important in the fight against crime. Intelligence work is the most powerful weapon that the Armed Forces has to dismantle the structures of transnational organized crime.” The defense industry can make a difference in the field of operations by producing weapons and technology which provide security forces with a strategic advantage, Defense Minister Juan Carlos Pinzón said in November 2013, at the inauguration of the First Meeting of the Defense Industry. In 2013, the Colombian military industry contributed to the success of part of the security initiative knowna as “Sword of Honor,” which involved Colombia’s four naval forces and the Joint Task Force against Drug Trafficking, ‘Poseidón’, according to El Tiempo. The Colombian Navy captured 417 alleged drug traffickers, including 154 suspected gang members, authorities said. Naval forces also seized 64 tons of cocaine, which were worth an estimated $16 billion (USD). International market As its military industry sells more goods and services on the international market, Colombia should forge “broad alliances” when it comes to marketing products overseas, Pérez Mejía said. Conducting research to develop new technology and other products is very expensive for military industry companies, Sahid Garnica said. Nonetheless, Colombia has the ability to export quality military technology at affordable prices, and can also provide insight and training from troops who have experience in “asymmetrical fighting” against a guerrilla organization, Sahid Garnica said. “Colombia has managed to mix doctrine and practice,” the security analyst said. Exponential growth Colombia’s security forces have grown dramatically during the last decade. In 2001, the country had 300,000 National Police agents and military troops. By 2012, the number of National Police agents and military troops had grown to 450,000, according to published reports. So too as the country’s military industry, which has developed and produced tactical and strategic weapons for the military’s use against the FARC and transnational criminal organizations, such as the National Liberation Army (ELN), the Urabenos, and the Rastrojos. These groups engage in drug trafficking, kidnapping, extortion, and other criminal enterprises. Colombian companies drive innovation The CIAC is also producing the T-90 Calima aircraft, which officials will use to strengthen the capabilities of the Flight Training Group (GRUEV) of the Colombian Air Force. The Colombian government is studying the possibility of building a plant to produce ammonium nitrate explosives because the infrastructure development programs in Colombia in the next few years will focus on the construction of roads, railways, and tunnels,” Gen. Pérez Mejía said. The Colombian defense industry collaborates with South Korea in the construction of oceanic patrol vessels and with Israel in the manufacture of parts for the Galil rifle. In addition to producing weapons and technology to improve security, some military industry companies also help countries cooperate in the battle against organized crime. For instance, COTECMAR in recent years developed, built and exported four LPR-40 MKII river patrol boats to Brazil. Brazil and Colombia worked together to develop and design the patrol boat for use in the Amazon River. Naval officials from both countries have been working on the initiative since 2011. Among the Colombian countries which are developing innovations in technology related to security are INDUMIL (Military Industry of Colombia), COTECMAR (Science and Technology Corporation for the Development of the Naval, Maritime, and Fluvial Industry), CODALTEC (High Technology Corporation), and CIAC (Colombian Aerospace Industry Corporation). Some of the companies are well-known worldwide. For example, military industry analysts consider INDUMIL to be a cutting edge technology company, with more than 57 years of experience in the production and sale of ammunition, explosives, and other weapons. The company is known for developing the assault rifles Galil SAR and Galil AR, the production of smart bombs for the Colombian Air Force, and the maintenance of the Army’s infantry vehicles. It also developed the Colombian Cordova handgun. Paraguay, Chile, Peru, and Ecuador are among the first countries to purchase the semi-automatic handgun. Naval cooperation By Dialogo January 25, 2014 Maintenance of Air Force aircraft In December 2013, COTECMAR delivered an Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) to the Armed Forces of Colombia. The company has a contract to eventually deliver six OPVs to the Armed Forces. The OPV is also known as “7 de Agosto.” Is designed to operate in collaboration with helicopters and high-speed interceptor boats. In addition to security tasks, the OPV can also help officials provide humanitarian assistance during natural disasters, and can be used in search and rescue operations. Colombia’s military industry is steadily building its capacity to develop and produce vessels, Sahid Garnica said. “In ten years, Colombia will be able to build a strategic fleet, frigates,” said Sahid Garnica. Production and modernization Colombia’s military equipment industry, which generated sales of $450 million (USD) in 2013, is seeking to increase international sales by aggressively marketing products and services which can help governments and private business battle organized crime groups. Colombian military products and services are of high quality and are in demand throughout the world, said Gen. José Javier Pérez Mejía, vice minister of the Social and Business Defense Group (GSED), told the Colombian news agency Innova in an article published on Dec. 30, 2013. The GSED is part of the Defense Ministry. The Colombian firm is responsible for directing and guiding the corporate policy of 19 companies serving the defense industry. “The future of the Colombian military industry is promising. We believe that in the coming years we could be in the big leagues during times of peace, not war,” General José Javier Pérez Mejía, Vice Minister of the Social and Business Defense Group (GSED), on December 30 to the news agency, Colombia Innova. The government is engaged in peace talks in Havana with representatives from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). The FARC has fought the government for 50 years. A peace agreement would create more opportunities for the defense industry to focus on research and innovation, rather than producing weapons and ammunition needed by the Armed Forces to fight the FARC, Pérez Mejía said. In addition to providing equipment needed to battle the FARC, the military industry in recent years has worked hard to develop new products and technology to fight not just the guerrilla group, but other transnational criminal organizations, according to Germán Sahid Garnica, a security analyst at El Rosario University in Bogota. “The military industry is diversifying its portfolio of services and equipment that generate a strategic advantage against various criminal threats,” Sahid Garnica said. The ‘7 de Agosto’ Excellent investigation on arms trafficking A big hug to all the soldiers of our glorious Colombian army that live on the battlefield. Excellent information; congratulations for this important data. Foreseeing that within 10 years Colombia will have the technological capacity to produce frigates is very realistic and down to earth. What products are expected in 10 years for the FARCs and the ARMY? When will we produce an apc with 50-caliber machine gun, a grenade thrower and posts for missiles, and that can carry 8 marines or soldiers, but one that is ours. Anyone can assemble it and buy a tandem chassis and a 450 caterpillar engine and a box with five gears and you provide the armor. We can do this very well in Colombia. This is extraordinary, late but it started. This should have been done years ago. The country or the government have missed the opportunity to manufacture their own fighter aircraft, I understand that South Korea was interested in producing them in Colombia, but the Colombian government said no. Well, that opportunity was wasted, nothing is being said about the btr 80 manufactured in Colombia. I think you refer to fac or fuerza aerea colombiana , not farc Long live our Republic’s defense forces Defense industry helps provide security
A climate summit that had been due to take place in Glasgow in November has been postponed to 2021 because of the coronavirus outbreak, officials said on Wednesday, throwing new uncertainty into talks to tackle global warming.With the world currently on track for catastrophic temperature increases, the two-week summit had been meant to galvanize a renewed international commitment to an accord brokered in Paris in 2015 aimed at stabilizing the Earth’s climate.But with the British hosts and other countries struggling to contain the coronavirus pandemic, which has brought large sections of the global economy to a standstill, officials decided to push the summit back to give governments more time to prepare. With financial markets in turmoil, hopes that 2020 would prove a pivotal year for climate diplomacy and action to reverse accelerating extinctions of plant, animal and insect species have rapidly faded.Nevertheless, some investors, diplomats and campaigners welcomed the postponement, saying it could buy governments time to prepare a more successful outcome than might be possible in the face of a pandemic.”A delay gives the UK hosts and other governments the ability to ensure that sufficient diplomatic momentum is generated heading into COP26,” said Stephanie Pfeifer, chief executive of the Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change, a European group of mainly pension funds and asset managers with more than £26 trillion of assets under management.Climate chessboard The chessboard of climate diplomacy could also shift significantly before a 2021 summit, depending on the outcome of talks this year between the European Union and China, and the Nov. 3 U.S. presidential election.President Donald Trump, a Republican, began withdrawing the United States, the second biggest greenhouse gas emitter after China, from the Paris deal last year.If a Democratic presidential candidate wins the White House, then climate diplomats say many countries may be more likely to pursue bolder climate plans in anticipation of the United States rejoining.A postponement could also enable a potential shift in emphasis at the summit towards aligning economic stimulus packages launched to buffer the shock of the pandemic with wider climate goals, diplomats say.”COP26 next year should become a centerpiece of revitalized global cooperation,” said Laurence Tubiana, a former French diplomat who was instrumental in brokering the Paris accord.Climate campaign groups had raised concerns that even if Britain had managed to contain the coronavirus by November, many developing countries might still be struggling with outbreaks.The planned November summit was supposed to have been a deadline for countries to make more ambitious pledges to cut greenhouse gas emissions under the terms of the Paris accord.Existing commitments are nowhere near enough to avoid accelerating impacts from droughts, sea-level rise, floods, wildfires and other disasters that could ultimately put the survival of industrial societies at risk, scientists say.So far, only a handful of countries have made new pledges. Japan, a major backer of coal-fired power, came under fire from campaigners this week when it submitted a pledge that stuck to a climate target from five years ago. “We will continue working tirelessly with our partners to deliver the ambition needed to tackle the climate crisis and I look forward to agreeing a new date for the conference,” said British Business Minister Alok Sharma, who is due to serve as president of the conference, known as COP26.A parallel summit on preserving threatened species, which had been due to take place in Kunming, China, in October, was also being pushed back to next year, a U.N. official said.The European Union’s climate chief, Frans Timmermans, said the bloc remained committed to the Paris process and a Green Deal to decarbonize its economy launched in December.”As for the European Commission, we will not slow down our work domestically or internationally to prepare for an ambitious COP26, when it takes place,” Timmermans said in a statement. Topics :
By Greg Soukup EAGLE, Neb. (May 3) – After starting mi-dpack, Dylan Smith finished first in Saturday’s Kaplan University IMCA Modified feature at Eagle Raceway. Smith passed Clint Homan for the lead with three laps to go and won pulling away.“I started 12th and to be honest, the bottom line looked ominous in the beginning but I tried it. When I got up to seventh or eighth, everyone else was running the bottom so I moved up top,” Smith said. “Heck, my right rear was bouncing off the wall in turn two! Then toward the end we caught a lapped car and that’s what helped me pass for the win.” Clint Benson worked his way to the front of the Mud in America IMCA Eagle Motorsports RaceSaver Sprint Car field, passing Shayle Bade on lap 14 and leading to the checkers. “This was a different track tonight but I was confident. We’re really starting the year off good,” he said from victory lane. “I could run where I wanted, but I decided to run high in three and four because nobody else was going there.” Benji Legg snared the lead with just two laps to go and won the NAPA IMCA Northern SportMod main. Adam Armstrong topped the Valentino’s IMCA Sunoco Hobby Stock feature. Winner of the Sam’s Club IMCA Sport Compact feature was Matt Moyer.
– says comparing contract with 2016 PSA is desperateIn the wake of the release of the 2013 oil contract between Government and CGX Resources Incorporated, comparisons were made between that contract and the Exxon agreement. However, the Attorney General at the time of the signing of the CGX contract has raised a staunch defence of the agreement.Opposition PPP/C Member of Parliament Anil NandlallAccording to former Attorney General and Minister of Legal Affairs Anil Nandlall, the CGX contract was signed in circumstances that are starkly different from when the coalition Government signed its controversial contract with Exxon. In a statement, he called it desperate to even compare the two documents.“The attempt by the Government at comparing the 2016 Petroleum Agreement which it entered into with ExxonMobil with similar agreements entered into by the PPP/Civic Administration is nothing but a desperate, pathetic and asinine attempt at damage control,” Nandlall said. “It is the most incompetent attempt at mitigating one of the most lopsided contracts perhaps ever negotiated,” he declared.“At the time when the PPP/Civic Government negotiated these contracts, the realities were radically and fundamentally different. There was no conclusive evidence that we had oil in commercial quantities, moreover and certainly, in the quantities numbering billions of barrels. Additionally, when some of those contracts were signed, our border controversy with Suriname was not yet resolved,” he advanced.Nandlall pointed out that when the ExxonMobil agreement was negotiated in 2016, there was confirmation of an estimated three-billion-barrel oil reserve in the Stabroek Block’s Liza project.In May of the preceding year, Exxon had confirmed that more than 295 feet of high-quality, oil-bearing sandstone reservoirs had been encountered at its Liza 1 well. Discoveries have since been made at the Payara, Snoek and Liza Deep wells.CGX, whose entire portfolio is focused on Guyana, has meanwhile not yielded the success of Exxon, with three dry holes being drilled in 2005.“For this Government to even think that sensible Guyanese will gobble up this clumsy propaganda is not only a crass insult to our collective intelligence, but it demonstrates how extraordinarily naive the Government is,” Nandlall noted.The contractGovernment on Saturday released the contract with CGX. In a statement that accompanied the news that the contract was released, the Natural Resources Ministry promised that “over the coming weeks and months, as all aspects for the release are worked out with the operators, the remaining Agreements will be released in similar fashion.”Under Article 11, ‘Cost Recovery and Production sharing’ heading of the contract which was signed on February 12th, 2013, the then Government has agreed to accept a one per cent royalty in addition to a 53 per cent share of profit oil and gas, after recoverable costs have been satisfactorily negotiated. This is provided that the company moves from exploration to production.The contract states: “All recoverable contract costs incurred by the contractor shall, subject to the terms and conditions of any agreement relating to non-associated gas… be recovered from the value… of a volume of crude oil or natural gas produced from the contract area, and limited in any month to an amount which equals 75 per cent of the total production from the contract area for such month…”This is a greater share than the 50 per cent share the coalition Government would come to negotiate with ExxonMobil three years later. The one per cent royalty was, in fact, contained in the original 1999 Exxon agreement, until it was increased by one per cent by the coalition in 2016.Oil companies — in this case CGX — are expected to use revenue from their production in order to recoup their capital investment. This will be categorized as “cost oil”. Whatever remains of this is the ‘profit oil,’ which Guyana would have to split with the oil company and its associates, if there are any.When it comes to relinquishment, Article Five of the contract states: “If, prior to the end of the initial period of the Petroleum Prospecting Licence issued to the contractor under Article 3.1, an application is made by the contractor for renewal of the Licence under section 24 (1) of the Act, the contractor shall relinquish at the end of the initial period an area equal to at least 15 per cent of the original contract area…”It goes on to say: “If, prior to the end of the first renewal period… an application is made by the contractor for a second renewal of the licence, under section 24 (1) of the Act, the contractor shall then relinquish at the end of the first renewal period an area equal to at least 25 per cent of the original contract area…”This was invoked last year when the Canadian company gave up 25 per cent of its concessions after renegotiating its work commitments. As a consequence, its blocks in the Corentyne and in Demerara have reverted to the state.