Tourists arriving at OR Tambo International Airport have the option of catching a shuttle bus, renting a car or taking a metered taxi to their hotel.A public transport information desk can be found on the public concourse in domestic arrivals. (Image: Sawubona)Brand South Africa ReporterTourists arriving at OR Tambo International Airport (formerly Johannesburg International) have the option of catching a shuttle bus, renting a car or taking a metered taxi to their hotel. A public transport information desk can be found on the public concourse in domestic arrivals.The airport is 21km from the city centre, or about a half-hour drive from most major parts of the city.The GautrainThe Gautrain, a rapid rail network, has a line from the airport to Sandton, from where you can change to catch another train to Johannesburg. Total travel time is around 25 minutes. Find the station one level below departures in the Central Terminal building.Gautrain: www.gautrain.co.zaHotel shuttle bus servicesMost of the big hotels operate their own shuttle bus services to and from the airport, which visitors are advised to make use of. Book your seat in advance when you make your room reservation to ensure that you are met at the airport. You can also make arrangements by calling your hotel on arrival.Minibus servicesMinibus services to various key parts of the city are also available, and are generally cheaper than taxis.Make sure you book one of the commercial services with kiosks inside the airport (in the arrivals hall). There are plenty of informal minibus services for hire at the airport, but their quality of service cannot be guaranteed.Car rentalCars are readily available for hire at the airport. But be warned: the spaghetti- like freeway interchanges between the airport and the city are not easily negotiated by novices, who are liable to get lost quickly.All the major car rental agencies serve OR Tambo, and you should have no problems finding a car to suit both your pocket and your required level of comfort and performance. The agencies’ kiosks are all to be found in the domestic arrivals public concourse, and a golf cart shuttle service operates to and from the parking areas.For rental company websites, see the box on the right.Meter taxisMetered taxis, recognisable by the yellow “taxi” lights on the car roofs, are available at the airport. While these are considerably more expensive than the bus services, they can drop you directly at the front door of your destination.Although locals tend to avoid metered taxis, foreigners may find this the quickest form of transport and the tariffs relatively affordable.Ignore the people offering you lifts inside the building – they’re unlicensed taxis who may end up charging you more. Head instead for the taxi rank, located just outside the arrivals area.The journey to the centre of Johannesburg should take 30 to 45 minutes. Check that the driver is familiar with your address, and insist they use the meter. Minibus taxis will transport larger groups of up to 12 passengers.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
When you’re editing external audio files, protecting the original recording is essential. Follow these steps to safeguard your audio while you work.Top image via Shutterstock.Good field recording engineers will often do things like leave plenty of headroom to avoid peaking out a recording if someone suddenly laughs, screams, or makes a loud noise. This is an excellent way to preserve the quality of the recording, but it can make it difficult for you to make creative editing choices if you are constantly riding your computer’s volume just to understand the content. Further, with the wrong approach, you can accidentally apply permanent effects to your audio. Here’s one way to preserve the original recordings while you edit.Image via Shutterstock.Before you begin editing, create one folder with your original audio files and a second one called “Edited Audio.” Paste copies of the original audio files in the “Edited Audio” folder. You now have two copies of your project’s external audio. Open all of your “Edited Audio” in Adobe Audition and make any necessary edits.It’s very important that you do not change the duration of any of your clips in Audition. The copies must match the originals in duration, or they will fall out of sync.If you recorded something like an interview in a very controlled environment, this would be an excellent time to create a batch processing command if you are in a hurry and just need functional audio for easier editing. Because you still have your originals, it doesn’t matter if your first attempts are slightly off the mark.Once you have completed your edits, you can save all of the files and close your audio editor. Notice in the picture below that metadata sidecars appear after you perform your edits; this is normal.Remember that the audio files in Adobe Premiere Pro are still the unedited original files. In order to substitute them with your newly edited files, you first need to take the originals offline. Highlight all of the audio files listed, right-click, and select “Make Offline.”A dialogue box will ask if you want to keep the media on disk or if you should delete the files once they are offline. Adobe Premiere defaults to keeping them on disk. Make sure you select “Media Files Remain on Disk,” or you will delete your original audio files!Relink your media to the newly edited files in your “Edited Files” folder by selecting all of the offline audio files you just disconnected, right-clicking, and selecting “Link Media.”A new dialogue box will allow you to browse to the new files’ location. Click the “Locate” button and navigate to the “Edited Audio” folder containing your newly edited audio files. You can verify that you’re using the correct path by looking at the area near the top of the dialogue box for “Last Path” and “Path” indications. “Path” will show the new location you’ve just specified. Once you can see everything is correct, then click the “Locate” button.In this instance, to solve the problem of audio that is too quiet due to the headroom the engineer left while recording, I increased the volume of each clip in Audition, and I can clearly see that the waveforms in my timeline are now larger. To further verify the audio’s functionality, right click on one of your audio files and select “Reveal in Finder.” If all has gone well, then a Finder window will open showing the files in the “Edited Audio” folder.It is important to note that using the “Edit Clip in Adobe Audition” command is also a way to edit audio without altering your originals. However, there are several scenarios during which that command can take quite a bit of time if you have already started editing and don’t want to individually affect each clip. Although you can highlight individual audio clips in the project folder inside Adobe Premiere, you currently cannot send a batch of clips to Audition, which is very time-consuming if you need to quickly adjust several files. I typically find that this scenario arises when there are several takes during an interview or a segment of dialogue — or if there are several different audio files that all generally need the same treatment.Do you have audio editing workflow tips? Let us know in the comments.
Find InspirationImage via Shutterstock.What inspires people varies greatly from person to person. If the mountains inspire you, then go to the mountains and study them. If photography inspires you, then go to a photography exhibit. Finding the right inspiration will help to train your eye by helping you understand more fully what you like and why you like it.ExperimentDon’t wait until your next time on set to experiment with a new lighting style or approach. If you’ve been thinking about starting to double diffuse your light sources, then do it in between shoots. Work out the kinks so you can really hone your approach to the aesthetic that you’re seeking.Taking the time to train your eye as a cinematographer is a great habit. Be wise with your time in between shoots and invest in yourself and your education. By doing so, you can become a better cinematographer.Looking for more cinematography tips? Check out these articles.4 Cinematography Tips for Filming During Magic Hour How to Stylize Your Cinematography Like Wes Anderson3 Cinematography Tools for Capturing Perfect ExposureCinematography Tip: The Benefits of Using a Light MeterBasic Camera Filtration to Elevate your Cinematography Training your eye to be a better cinematographer is an ongoing process. Here are some tips that can help you improve your craft.Cover image via Shutterstock.Training your eye is something that you will work on throughout your entire career. However, there are many ways you can keep building your aesthetic and selecting the best shots for your work — especially between shoots. Let’s take a look.Take More PhotosImage via Shutterstock.Cinematographers can learn a lot from photography. Whenever I walk into a new place, I immediately start to think about how I would frame the place if it were a shot. By constantly taking photos, you can compare your initial framing instincts to a photograph. If the photo didn’t turn out as expected, then you know it would require a different approach. It’s much like going to the gym: by constantly experimenting and challenging yourself, you will build up your aesthetics and inclination to light and cinematography.You can really challenge yourself by taking a camera with only one prime lens. Working under these limitations will force you to be more creative. Once you find an enticing frame, play around with the composition, focus, and angle. Approach it as an experiment — in some way that you may have never tried in the past.Be a StudentSometimes you just come across beautiful lighting occurring naturally. You may be seeing a beautiful beam of light punching through a window. Or it may be direct sunlight creating a beautiful texture on the the wall. By stopping and analyzing what you see in those moments, you can train your eye to find (or create) them more readily. If you see a beautiful, naturally occurring lighting scenario, stop and determine why it is that you like it — and how you could recreate it on set.