Category: cukvoctbu

Casumo secures licence to expand into Danish market

first_img Regions: Europe Nordics Denmark Casumo secures licence to expand into Danish market Topics: Casino & games Legal & compliance Casino & games Online gaming operator Casumo is to expand its service offering into Denmark after securing a five-year licence from the Danish Gambling Authority.Nordic-facing Casumo will focus on a mobile-first approach for its operations in the country and run a media campaign to promote its online casino services to Danish consumers.Oscar Simonsson, co-founder and CEO of Casumo, said securing the licence was an important milestone for the operator, and forms part of its ongoing strategy to enter and grow in regulated markets.“I’m confident that the Casumo brand will resonate well with the players in Denmark—those who want to experience a modern way of playing online casino,” Simonsson said.“We have a very strong and unique product offering, which includes our very own custom-designed live casino studio, as well as the casino rewards system that Casumo pioneered in the industry when we launched in 2012.”The Danish licence comes after Casumo also secured approval to launch in both the Italian and Swedish markets in recent months.However, earlier this month, Casumo suffered a blow in the Netherlands when it was fined €310,000 (£267,510/$347,470) for targeting players in the country, where online gaming is currently prohibited.Image: Matt Kieffer Online gaming operator Casumo is to expand its service offering into Denmark after securing a five-year licence from the Danish Gambling Authority. Tags: Online Gambling 30th April 2019 | By contenteditor Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Email Address AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterlast_img read more

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National Bank of Kenya Limited (NBK.ke) 2004 Abridged Report

first_imgNational Bank of Kenya Limited (NBK.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2004 abridged results.For more information about National Bank of Kenya Limited (NBK.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the National Bank of Kenya Limited (NBK.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: National Bank of Kenya Limited (NBK.ke)  2004 abridged results.Company ProfileNational Bank of Kenya (NBK) Limited is a financial services institution providing banking products and services for the retail, commercial corporate and Islamic banking sectors in Kenya. Its full-service offering ranges from transactional banking products to term deposits, personal loans and overdrafts, insurance premium finance, liquidity management, treasury services, custodial services and asset finance services. National Bank of Kenya offers mortgage products to salaried and business customers under the National Homes brand. The company also offers account relationship management and bancassurance products. It operates through a wide network of branches and ATMs in the major towns and cities of Kenya. Its head office is in Nairobi, Kenya. National Bank of Kenya Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

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Automatic Systems Ltd (ASL.mu) 2008 Annual Report

first_imgAutomatic Systems Ltd (ASL.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Tourism sector has released it’s 2008 annual report.For more information about Automatic Systems Ltd (ASL.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Automatic Systems Ltd (ASL.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Automatic Systems Ltd (ASL.mu)  2008 annual report.Company ProfileAutomatic Systems Limited operates a totalisator system for horse racing and football betting. The company runs its operations through is two subsidiaries, Supertote which deals with the horse racing bets and Superscore which deals with the football bets. Automatic System Limited organises this betting platform for the horse racing in liaison with the Mauritius Turf Club in Mauritius. The company also runs this betting platform for soccer in Africa. Automatic Systems Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.last_img read more

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House in Santa Teresa / SPBR Arquitetos

first_imgArchDaily Brazil Area:  4488 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  Photographs “COPY” Save this picture!© Nelson Kon+ 58 Share House in Santa Teresa / SPBR ArquitetosSave this projectSaveHouse in Santa Teresa / SPBR Arquitetos Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/57506/house-in-santa-teresa-spbr-arquitetos Clipboard Architects: SPBR Arquitetos Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” Projects 2008 CopyHouses•Rio de Janeiro, Brazil CopyAbout this officeSPBR ArquitetosOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabasRio de JaneiroHouses3D ModelingBrazilPublished on April 26, 2010Cite: “House in Santa Teresa / SPBR Arquitetos” 26 Apr 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Talis SVinyl Walls3MExterior Vinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Solid ColorPartitionsSkyfoldRetractable Walls – Stepped & Sloped SpacesDining tablesZeitraumWood Table – TautBathroom AccessoriesBradley Corporation USARoll Towel Dispenser – Electronic TouchlessWoodLunawoodThermowood FacadesAluminium CompositesSculptformClick-on Battens in Victoria GardensMetal PanelsLongboard®Metal Ceilings – DauntlessWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Mass TimberPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsPerforated Facade PanelFiber Cements / CementsDuctal®Rainscreen Cladding Panels for Lightweight Facades in Apartment BlockBricksAcme BrickModular Size BrickMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?圣特蕾莎住宅 / SPBR Arquitetos是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream House in Santa Teresa / SPBR Arquitetos ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/57506/house-in-santa-teresa-spbr-arquitetos Clipboard Photographs:  Nelson KonText description provided by the architects. Santa Teresa is a historical neighborhood that offers some great views of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The house is located in one of the highest points of Santa Teresa’s hill. From the north side of the house it is possible to see the old downtown; from the south side, a more panoramic view of Pão de Açucar and the Guanabara Bay. The site starts at 100 m above sea level at the cable car street and finishes at 125m at a breathtaking viewpoint of Pão de Açucar.Save this picture!The project takes into consideration the two pre-existent levels of the pronounced topography: 120 m and 125 m over sea level. Save this picture!© Nelson KonAt the lower level, there is a linear block that leads to the bedrooms and the office. Their main glass facade opens up to the enjoying garden on the east side. These two prismatic and linear volumes are opened on the east and west sides but are completely closed on the north and south sides, living the ground under them empty. The roof was designed to make a complementary ground on the upper plateau. Save this picture!© Nelson KonThe living room is located over the higher plateau providing a view of downtown on the north side and of the Guanabara Bay and Pão de Açucar on the south. This volume is closed on the east and west sides to avoid sun heat and to emphasize the magnificent views on the other sides. It leaves the level below completely open. Thus, there is a bare level between bedrooms and living room which is filled by the kitchen, where, according to the traditional Brazilian culture, most people will spend their spare time. Save this picture!It is a spread out and blown-up construction that should become part of Rio de Janeiro’s landscape.Project gallerySee allShow lessA New Landmark for Aldgate international competitionArticlesMuseum for African Art / Robert Stern ArchitectsArticles Sharelast_img read more

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Five columnists face up to 10 years in prison

first_img Organisation Turkey’s never-ending judicial persecution of former newspaper editor Follow the news on Turkey April 2, 2021 Find out more RSF_en Reporters Without Borders today criticised Turkey’s prosecution of five journalists, who face prison sentences of between 6 months and 10 years, as “further diminishing” the country’s freedom of expression at a time when it is hoping to join the European Union.The prosecutor-general announced on 3 December he would prosecute the five – well-known columnists Ismet Berkan, Murat Belge, Erol Katircioglu and Haluk Sahin of the centre-left paper Radikal and Hasan Cemal of the centrist daily Milliyet – for criticising the Istanbul administrative court’s ban on a university conference in September about the Armenian question. The threatened punishment was “totally out of proportion” to the offence, the worldwide press freedom organisation said. “Turkey refuses to allow its journalists to criticise its own institutions. We note that the European Court of Human Rights only yesterday condemned Turkey for jailing a member of the Party for Democracy and Peace (DBT) “.“The prosecution of these prominent liberal commentators shows that legal action against journalists has become harsher since the new criminal code came into force on 1 June,” it said.The journalists, who all work for the large media group Dogan, are due to appear before an Istanbul magistrates’ court on 7 February next year to answer a complaint by the Union of Jurists, a Turkish pro-nationalist association of lawyers. Four of them are being prosecuted under article 301 of the code (also being used in the current trial of the well-known writer Orhan Pamuk) about insulting Turkish identity or “Turkishness” or state institutions (paragraph 1). The article’s paragraph 2 penalises publicly insulting the government, judiciary, army or police. Previously the government had simply used article 125 (“insults by the press”) against journalists.Turkish-Armenian writer Hrant Dink was given a suspended six-month prison sentence on 7 October for “insulting Turkish identity”. Writer and journalist Emin Karaca was sentenced on 13 September to 5 months in prison and fined €560 under article 301 (2). TurkeyEurope – Central Asia Human rights groups warns European leaders before Turkey summit News News April 28, 2021 Find out morecenter_img December 7, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Five columnists face up to 10 years in prison to go further News Help by sharing this information Receive email alerts Journalists threatened with imprisonment under Turkey’s terrorism law News TurkeyEurope – Central Asia April 2, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

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Call for UK report on missing French cameraman on second anniversary of disappearance

first_imgNews News On the second anniversary today of the disappearance of French cameraman Fred Nérac in southern Iraq, Reporters Without Borders again called on Britain to hand over the full report of the British military police investigation into the case to the French authorities and to Nérac’s family. Posters of Nérac and Kieffer have been hung in the Place de la Nation in Paris on 22 March at a ceremony to be attended by their families and by the mayor of Paris, Bertrand Delanöe. December 28, 2020 Find out more Follow the news on Iraq Help by sharing this information On the second anniversary today of the disappearance of French cameraman Fred Nérac in southern Iraq, Reporters Without Borders again called on Britain to hand over the full report of the British military police investigation into the case to the French authorities and to Nérac’s family.”Fred Nérac’s family is still waiting to find out exactly what happened to him – this is an unbearable situation,” the press freedom organization said. “We reiterate our appeal to the British authorities to enable the family to obtain the answers to all of its legitimate questions.”Reporters Without Borders said it urged the Iraqi authorities “to do as much as possible to assist the various parties involved in the investigation and to do everything in their power to help clear up this case.”Recalling that the French foreign ministry recently reiterated its determination to shed light on Nérac’s disappearance, the organization also called on the French government to pursue its diplomatic efforts in this case, as promised.Campaigning continues although two years have passedA solidarity event with music have been held at the Transbordeur nightclub in Lyons on the evening of 21 March in support of Nérac, French foreign correspondent Florence Aubenas and her Iraqi fixer Hussein Hanoun Al-Saadi (who were taken hostage in Iraq on 5 January) and French-Canadian freelance reporter Guy-André Kieffer (who disappeared in Côte d’Ivoire on 16 April 2004). The bands playing at the event were Le Peuple de l’Herbe et High Tone, Agoria, The Hacker, Kent, Les Têtes Raides, Loïc Lantoine, Gnawa Diffusion, Amélie-les-Crayons, I Love You, Cie Käfig, De Fakto and Sept en Si. Nérac’s wife, Fabienne Nérac, Kieffer’s wife, Osange Silou Kieffer, Aubenas’s father Benoît Aubenas and Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Robert Ménard addressed the participants.Posters of Nérac and Kieffer have been hung in the Place de la Nation in Paris at 10:30 a.m. on 22 March at a ceremony attended by their families and by the mayor of Paris, Bertrand Delanöe.A committee to support Aubenas, Al-Saadi, Kieffer and was set up at the Lyons Press Club on 28 January.BackgroundNérac was part of a four-member crew with the British TV news network ITN covering the start of the war in Iraq. They were travelling in two vehicles that came under fire from both US and Iraqi forces near the city of Basra on 22 March 2003. British reporter Terry Lloyd was killed by gunfire while Belgian cameraman Daniel Demoustier was wounded.It was established from British military police enquiries begun in June 2003 that the fourth member of the crew, Lebanese interpreter Hussein Osman, was also killed at the place where the incident took place. DNA tests identified some of the remains of his body in June 2004. ITN said this tended to confirm an Iraqi source’s claim that Nérac and Osman were detained and put aboard an Iraqi military pickup. At the same time, ITN said investigators found no trace of Nérac. February 15, 2021 Find out more March 22, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Call for UK report on missing French cameraman on second anniversary of disappearance Receive email alerts RSF_en to go further News Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan IraqMiddle East – North Africa IraqMiddle East – North Africa RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” News Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” Organisation December 16, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

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Pasadena Rotary Announces Recipients of $62,000 in Grants

first_img More Cool Stuff 83 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Herbeauty10 Ways To Power Yourself As A WomanHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyNow She’s 19 – Look At Her Transformation! Incredible!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyKeep Your Skin Flawless With These Indian Beauty RemediesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHow To Lose Weight & Burn Fat While You SleepHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeauty Business News Community News Community News Top of the News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Subscribe EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDScenter_img The Rotary Club of Pasadena has announced the 11 nonprofit beneficiaries of $62,000 in funding through the club’s 17th Annual Community Grant Awards program.Click on image to enlargeThe announcement was made Wednesday during a virtual club meeting, representatives said.The arts and culture organizations selected by the club’s 15-member grant committee received awards ranging from $3,500 to $6,000, according to the Rotary Club of Pasadena.“Rotary Club of Pasadena has been committed to serving the community locally and internationally for 101 years,” President Ken Joe said in a written statement. “We believe in service above self.”This year, grants were given to arts and culture groups to help offset the needs created by the COVID-19 pandemic, said Deborah Lewis, Rotary Club of Pasadena’s Community Grants Co-Chair.“We recognize that during this difficult time, many organizations have needs that go beyond usual expenses,” Lewis said. “We are giving them the opportunity to use these funds to assist them with extra costs due to Covid-19. We hope this will help them get through the health and economic concerns they are experiencing.”This year’s recipients were:A Noise Within, accepted by Development Director, Patti Anne MillerThey are the only year-round repertory company in Southern California and only one of a few nationwide. Repertory means they rotate 2 (or more) shows at the same time. This week’s gala honored the late Pasadena Rotarian, Margaret Sedenquist. They are currently running shows online.Armory Center for the Arts, accepted by Executive Director, Leslie ItoOne of their “Magic Moments” this past year was getting older adults, many of whom were in isolation, to take art classes via Zoom.Boston Court, accepted by Charitable Giving Manager, Tina LangillIn addition to online shows, they have a Virtual Escape Room, using their facility as the location for this puzzle-solving activity.LA Children’s Chorus, accepted by Artistic Director, Fernando Malvar-Ruiz – This year, they have been able to bring their choral programs online.  Theyare currently holding auditions so if you know any talented eight-to-thirteen-year-olds, let them know!Light Bringer Project, accepted by Managing Director, Patricia HurleyTheir Room 13 program, offering PUSD students the opportunity to develop their own creative projects assisted by mentors, has moved online as the students have moved online.Lineage Performing Arts Center, accepted by Founder and Artistic Director, Hilary Thomas – Their new performing arts center, located onLake Avenue and Mountain Street, was all ready to open in March 2020 (!). They are looking forward to welcoming the community as things reopen.Muse/ique, accepted by EVP of Development and Communications, Ron Silverman –  Their online program, MUSE/IQUE in A Minute (…or Two), hashas 115 episodes, which have already garnered over 100,000 listens.Parsons Nose, accepted by Acting Managing Director, Hoyt HilsmanIn response to the pandemic, they formed Parsons Nose Radio. You can listen to it on their website or by saying “Alexa, play Parsons Nose.”Pasadena Playhouse, accepted by Producing Artistic Director Danny Feldman – In the past year, they have emphasized diversity in their onlineofferings, including a program developed in response to the death of George Floyd.Pasadena Symphony Association, accepted by CEO, Lora UngerThey will be back in full operation with their Pasadena Pops at the Arboretum on July 10. The tables will be spaced further apart and they are only allowing in vaccinated people.Pasadena Conservatory of Music, accepted by Executive Director, Stephen McCurry – The Conservatory serves 5000 students a year from infants tolifelong learners. This year, they have offered 1/3 of their programs online.More information on the Rotary Club of Pasadena is available on the group’s website at pasadenarotary.com. STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Make a comment faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Pulse PollVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Non-Profits News Pasadena Rotary Announces Recipients of $62,000 in Grants STAFF REPORT Published on Thursday, April 29, 2021 | 2:19 pm Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

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Noonan’s ‘fiver budget’ is labeled as a political ploy

first_imgBusinessNewsNoonan’s ‘fiver budget’ is labeled as a political ployBy Staff Reporter – October 12, 2016 538 TAGSBudget 2017Dr Stephen KinsellalimerickMichael Noonan Twitter Advertisement Dr Stephen KinsellaTOP economist Dr Stephen Kinsella has described the “fiver budget” as a ploy to keep the Government in office while not properly addressing any of the major issues the country faces.“Politicians think that if they give us five quid we are going to say ‘Oh I must vote for that person’. It’s completely untrue”, Dr Kinsella saidSign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Speaking at a post-Budget breakfast hosted by Shannon Chamber on Wednesday morning, Dr Kinsella said “politicians never seem to learn as this budget is just crumbs for everyone”.“Politics is trumping economics as the minority government continues to produce non controversial outcomes”.“Homelessness and housing remain the largest problems in this country, but we gave money to everybody instead.“We had €3 billion to spend and we could have said ‘f**k it, let’s fix homelessness, and if you have a problem with that, talk to the homeless man on the street. While that is an extreme example, we could still have tried.”“They have given another €500 million to the most expensive health system with the worst outcomes in the OECD.Dr Kinsella said that more money would not fix the health system as the problem was within the structure “and nobody is addressing that”.Stating that around €1.5 billion was spent on higher education every year, he criticised the fact that only €36 million was allocated in the budget.Addressing regional interests, Dr Kinsella said that the Mid West was performing well against the national average, despite any new measures to assist businesses.“The Mid West has been preferred for investment because housing prices in the region are more affordable.”“In turn, the number of people unemployed in the region has dropped from a high of 30,000 in 2011 to 14,000 in December of last year.The labour market landscape has changed from manufacturing to a key supply chain management approach and the market would tighten in time.He described the stimulus package for the housing property market as “bananas” and said it would have a reverse effect within a few hours of its announcement.“There were fears that this €20,000 rebate would go in to the pocket of developers but in fact that the equity  in houses just went up.“I checked Daft.ie website last night and house prices had increased by €20,000 and we haven’t even been given the full details of it in the Finance Bill,” he revealed. WhatsApp Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live Printcenter_img Previous articleRevival River Readings for Polish Art FestivalNext article#Mick Flannery #new approach #new album #playing Limerick Staff Reporterhttp://www.limerickpost.ie RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Email Billy Lee names strong Limerick side to take on Wicklow in crucial Division 3 clash WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Linkedin Limerick Artist ‘Willzee’ releases new Music Video – “A Dream of Peace” Facebooklast_img read more

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Family lawyer calls for tighter “Home Alone” guidelines

first_img Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Pinterest Google+ Family lawyer calls for tighter “Home Alone” guidelines Twitter Facebook A leading family lawyer in the North is calling on the Stormont Executive to introduce clear guidelines for parents about leaving children at home alone.It comes after the social services in Dungannon, Co. Tyrone intervened when 4 children, aged between 5 and 14, were left at home when their parents went on holiday.Lawyer Hilary Carmichael says it’s unacceptable that social workers can only act in cases where they believe a child is at serious risk………[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/alone1pm.mp3[/podcast] Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Google+ Newsx Adverts Pinterest NPHET ‘positive’ on easing restrictions – Donnelly center_img WhatsApp WhatsApp LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton Twitter Help sought in search for missing 27 year old in Letterkenny By News Highland – August 5, 2011 Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson Previous articleMc Hugh wants comprehensive analysis of penalty point figuresNext articleNewtowncunningham councillor warned HSE of “Castle” fire risk News Highland last_img read more

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‘Minimum Wages Not A Static Concept’ : Karnataka HC Upholds 487.20% Rise in Doctors’ Minimum Wages [Read Order]

first_imgNews Updates’Minimum Wages Not A Static Concept’ : Karnataka HC Upholds 487.20% Rise in Doctors’ Minimum Wages [Read Order] Mehal Jain17 April 2020 10:48 PMShare This – x”The concept of minimum wages is not a static concept”, observed the Karnataka High Court while upholding the wage revisions notified by the government. The Court was considering, inter alia, the Writ Appeal filed by the Private Hospital and Nursing Homes Association, aggrieved by the Karnataka Government’s notification of January 6, 2017 by which the minimum wages for doctors and…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”The concept of minimum wages is not a static concept”, observed the Karnataka High Court while upholding the wage revisions notified by the government. The Court was considering, inter alia, the Writ Appeal filed by the Private Hospital and Nursing Homes Association, aggrieved by the Karnataka Government’s notification of January 6, 2017 by which the minimum wages for doctors and other personnel in private hospitals and nursing homes have been increased by “487.20%” to bring them at par with the wage of their counterparts covered under the Employees’ State Insurance. “The world has changed very fast during the last decade. The concept of necessities of life has undergone a drastic change. The concept of what is required for subsistence has also changed. The rate of minimum wages must be such that it ensures health and decency which concepts have also undergone a change”, the bench led by Chief Justice Abhay S Oka observed. The bench, also consisting of Justice Mohammad Navaz, said that it cannot sit in appeal over the notifications under the Minimum Wages Act”If we peruse the submissions made by the employers, it can be said that most of the submissions are made on the footing that this Court is going to act as the Appellate Authority. We will have to examine the challenge by employers, by keeping in mind the changing world and the well settled constraints on the exercise of writ jurisdiction in the matters involving fixation of minimum wages” Looking to the scheme of the said Act of 1948, the Court observed that the revision of wages was a legislative function, and there was no requirement of giving reasons or giving hearing. “If we look at Section 5, the exercise of the power by the Appropriate Government of fixing the rates of minimum wages is neither quasi-judicial nor administrative. The Legislature has delegated its power to the Appropriate Government to fix the rates of minimum wages. Hence, fixation of minimum wages is a legislative function…Hence, it follows that the requirement of giving reasons and giving hearing are ruled out” The bench made a reference to the deliberations in the Karnataka state Minimum Wage Advisory Board (which comprised of representatives of the Appellant-Association) to infer that the members were of the view that for determining the minimum wages of doctors, the wages fixed under the Employees’ Insurance Scheme Establishments be taken into consideration. “It is true that the minimum wages for doctors have been substantially increased. But, it cannot be said that as of 30th December 2017, the rate of minimum wages of doctors fixed as above is arbitrary or unreasonable or capricious”, ruled the High Court. “By the impugned notifications challenged by the employers, the rates of minimum wages were approximately enhanced by Rs.8000/- to Rs.15,000/- per month after the lapse of 4 to 5 years. Only in case of Doctors, the enhancement was more as it was fixed at Rs.40,908.40/- per month with effect from 30th December 2017 which cannot be per se excessive”, it proceeded to hold. “There was a debate in the meeting on the issue of fixing the rates of minimum wages in respect of the industries such as Private Hospitals and Nursing Homes, Road construction and management and maintenance of buildings. It is noted in the minutes that the representatives of the employees who were present in the meeting, with one voice, welcomed the action of fixing minimum wages of Rs.40,000/- to the Doctors, on par with the wages paid by the Employees’ State Insurance Scheme (ESI). It is specifically recorded that more number of members present in the meeting have expressed their opinion that minimum wages for Doctors and other personnel of private hospital and nursing home should be on par with the wages paid to the Doctors and other staff in ESI and the representatives of the owners who were present expressed their opposition. Though in the minutes it is recorded that as there was no consensus, the Board recommended to the Government to take suitable decision and issue final notification, the majority view is reflected from the minutes”, the bench narrated. The decision records that “Some criticism has been made that the minimum wage of doctors has been raised to the rate of Rs.40,908.40/- per month, which is applicable from 30th December 2017”. It was pointed out that for the Doctors, the earlier minimum wage fixed of Rs.6966.70 which has been increased by 487.20% and whereas in case of other categories, the increase is only 75%. “…to select and classify persons, objects, transactions, localities or things for special treatment (…) will not be struck down as infringing Article 14 of the Constitution…The fixation of minimum wages depend on the prevailing economic conditions, the cost of living in a place, the nature of the work to be performed and the conditions in which the work is performed…”, the bench quoted several Apex Court and High Court authorities to dispel the argument of discrimination amongst different categories of employment.Also Read : Minimum Wages Act : Karnataka HC Upholds Wage Revisions Notified By Govt In 37 Sectors [Read Judgment] Submissions on behalf of the Appellant Employers’ Assocation The Senior Counsel for the appellant-Association invited the bench’s attention to the impugned notification and, in particular, its clause (11) which provided that wage rates stipulated in the Notification and the applicable rates of dearness allowance from time to time shall be paid. Next, he took the court through the definition of ‘wages’ in the Act of 1948, submitting that as long as the component of wages paid to the workmen falls within the definition of ‘wages’ and the aggregate paid is equal to or more than the aggregate of the minimum wages fixed under different heads, it should be taken that there is a sufficient compliance with the provisions of the said Act of 1948. Therefore, he prayed that clause (11) is liable to be quashed. “He also invited our attention to clause (3) of the impugned Notification which provides that in the event the rate of wage paid at present is higher, the payment at the said rate shall be continued and the increase in dearness allowance from time to time also shall be remitted. He submitted that the first part of clause (3) of the impugned Notification had been quashed by the learned Single Judge. He argued that the portion of clause (3) of the impugned notification which requires the employer to pay increased dearness allowance from time to time, even though the rate of wages paid is higher than the minimum wages, also needs to be quashed”, the bench recorded. It was also argued that the fixation and neutralisation of dearness allowance is contrary to law and the direction to pay four paise per point increase in the State average consumer price index above 5780 point is incorrect. It was submitted that when the impugned notification was issued, the consumer index was 6537 points and therefore, the employer should be asked to neutralise the increase in cost of living allowance at 6537 points. Further, it was contended on behalf of the Association that even the figure of the cost of house rent taken for arriving at the minimum wages is very high, that 40% of the minimum wage should not have been taken as cost of house rent. The conclusions of the Court As regards the figure of the CPI, the bench noted that it does not have the expertise to decide in what manner the CPI should be computed for the fixation of minimum wages and what should be the quantum of the minimum wages- “it is for the persons having expertise in the matter to take a call on that. A writ Court cannot act like an expert in the field and adjudicate on the said issues which should be normally left to the decision making authority which has the benefit of the opinion expressed by the members of the Advisory Board” As regards the cost of housing (rent), the Court observed that the same has been taken as per the relevant housing scheme for the poor prevailing at that particular point of time. It proceeded to state that in any case, as of December 2017, the aforesaid rates of rent cannot be termed as unreasonable- “If we look at the rates fixed as quoted above, by no stretch of imagination, the rates can be termed as unreasonable which will amount to violation of Article 14 of the Constitution” “As far as the dearness allowance is concerned, it stands on a different footing, inasmuch as, it has direct nexus with the Consumer Price Index. The ultimate object of fixing or revising the minimum wages is that the employees must survive and therefore, the dearness allowance cannot be equated with the one percent (1%) incentives”, reads the judgment. The bench remarks that there is a direction in Clause (3) of the notification that in the event the rate of wage paid now is higher, the payment at the said rate shall be continued and increase in dearness allowance from time to time also shall be remitted. Noting that the first part of the clause has already been set aside, and the second part is applicable only to the payment of higher wages in terms of the first part, it declared that “the second part must go” and that “To that extent, the appeals by the employers will have to be allowed”. “However, the direction regarding payment of 4 paise per day for every point increase in the State average CPI over 5780 points cannot be disturbed”, it added. Click here to download judgment( Starts from page 206)Read Judgment (Starts from page 206)Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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